Dr. Fania Muñoz is a dermatologist at the Dermik Multidisciplinary Clinic. In the course of the first level of the oncology aesthetics program participated with a talk to talk about skin cancer.
Why is increasing the incidence of skin cancer in the Spanish population?
The incidence of skin cancer has increased in recent years, as people increasingly spend more time outdoors, doing outdoor activities.
Which people are most susceptible to developing skin cancer?
Those who have been chronically exposed to the sun or have intermittent intense exposures. Also having burns in childhood or use tanning booths with UVA rays, not to get so white in summer or during winter are important risk factors for skin cancer.
Could you explain what the concept of dermo-oncology is?
On the one hand, the concept of dermo-oncology includes patients who present some of the types of skin cancer, whether basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma or malignant melanoma. On the second hand, it also covers the study of the cancer patient, that patient who is under certain medications in the treatment of his cancer that can manifest with complications in the skin, or can favor the development of skin cancer.
What other tumors does the dermo-oncology cover?
There are other less frequent tumors that may originate from the blood vessels, hair follicle, cutaneous nerves or specific cutaneous cells such as cutaneous lymphomas and other tumors that may appear on the skin and derive from other organs, in the form of cutaneous metastases.
How many types of skin cancer are there?
Skin cancer can be divided into two types: non-melanoma skin cancer, which includes basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma.
What is basal cell carcinoma?
It is the most frequent skin cancer and also, the one with the best prognosis, since the treatment is to completely remove the tumor. This type of cancer appears in sites that have been exposed to the sun in a chronic way like the face, the scalp, the neck and the back of the hands and legs. It is rare for this type of skin cancer to spread to other organs. Now, the next intermediate malignancy would be squamous cell carcinoma.
How is this type of skin cancer?
This type of cancer can cause metastases because it can spread to other sites through the lymph nodes. It also appears on sites exposed to the sun.
And what is a malignant melanoma?
It would be the most aggressive variety and the worst prognosis. This can occur as a new injury or by changing a mole that has already been on the skin for a long time. Therefore, we emphasize the importance of annual surveillance with a dermatologist in order to detect lesions of incipient forms.
What would you tell beauticians to take into account when treating a patient on cancer treatment with skin cancer?
We recommend be alert always to the development of new skin lesions in patients who are undergoing oncological treatment, the appearance of lesions that change shape, size, bleed or cause itching or changes in moles that the patient already had in shape previous. If there is any doubt, refer the specialist so that he can provide the patient with an adequate prognosis and treatment.